Thursday, February 26, 2015

Replacement Piles

These are often called bored piles since the removal of the spoil to form the hole for the pile is always carried out by a boring technique. They are used primarily in cohesive subsoils for the formation of friction piles and when forming pile foundations close to existing buildings where the allowable amount of noise and/or vibration is limited.
Replacement Piles Types
Percussion Bored Piles
Flush Bored Piles
Small Diameter Rotary Bored Piles
Large Diameter Rotary Bored Piles

Thursday, February 12, 2015

Piled Foundations - Classification

These can be defined as a series of columns constructed or inserted into the ground to transmit the load(s) of a structure to a lower level of subsoil. Piled foundations can be used when suitable foundation conditions are not present at or near ground level making the use of deep traditional foundations uneconomic. The lack of suitable foundation conditions may be caused by:

1. Natural low bearing capacity of subsoil.
2. High water table - giving rise to high permanent dewatering costs.
3. Presence of layers of highly compressible subsoils such as peat and recently placed filling materials which have not sufficiently consolidated.
4. Subsoils which may be subject to moisture movement or plastic failure.

Classification of Piles, piles may be classified by their basic design function or by their method of construction:
Piled Foundations - Classification

Friday, February 6, 2015

Cantilever Foundations

These can be used where it is necessary to avoid imposing any pressure on an adjacent foundation or underground service.

Cantilever Foundations

Raft Foundations

These are used to spread the load of the superstructure over a large base to reduce the load per unit area being imposed on the ground and this is particularly useful where low bearing capacity soils are encountered and where individual column loads are heavy.

Raft Foundations